The Mongols adopted and developed the concepts of responsibility for investment and lending in Mongolian Ortoq partnerships to promote trade and investment to facilitate the commercial integration of the Mongol Empire. The contractual characteristics of a Mongolian Ortoq partnership were similar to those of the Qirad and Commenda agreements, but Mongolian investors used metal coins, paper money, gold and silver bacon and tradable goods for partnership investments and financed mainly lending and trading activities.  In addition, Mongolian elites have entered into commercial partnerships with traders in Central Asia and Europe, including Marco Polo`s family.  Partner compensation is often defined by the terms of a partnership agreement. Partners working for the partnership can get compensation for their work before the benefits are distributed among the partners. Limited liability companies are a common structure for professionals such as accountants, lawyers and architects. This regime limits the personal liability of partners, so that, for example, when a partner is sued for misconduct, the assets of other partners are not threatened. Some law firms and accountants continue to distinguish between partners and employees. The latter is older than the associated companies, but has no participation. They are usually bonuses paid on the basis of the company`s profits. 5) Oral or written conventions. Nowhere does the Partnership Act 1932 mention that the partnership agreement must be concluded in writing or oral. Therefore, the general rule of contract law is that the contract can be “oral” or “written” as long as it meets the basic conditions of a contract, i.e.
the agreement between partners is legally enforceable. A written agreement is advised to establish the existence of a partnership and to prove the rights and commitments of each partner, as it is difficult to prove an oral agreement.  3) Unlimited liability. The main drawback of the partnership is the unlimited liability of the partners for the debts and debts of the company. Each partner can hire the company and the company is responsible for all debts incurred on behalf of the company. If ownership of the partnership company is not sufficient to cover the debts, a partner`s personal property may be added to pay the company`s debts.  Compensation sources are rarely visible outside law firms. The principle is simple: each partner receives a share of the profits from the partnership up to a certain amount, with all the additional profits distributed to the partner responsible for the “source” of the work that generated the profits.  Partnerships face complex negotiations and specific challenges that must be resolved until an agreement is reached.