The CLA 2017-2019 version can be accessed via this link: www.labouragreementuniversities.nl/. The vast majority of Dutch workers are covered by collective bargaining, most often at sectoral level. However, many large companies negotiate their own agreements. Negotiators generally follow nationally agreed recommendations and recent wage increases have been moderate. Collective bargaining is conducted between employers and employers` organizations, on the one hand, and trade unions or trade unions, on the other. The round of negotiations normally begins in November and lasts throughout the year. However, the vast majority of colonies will be renewed between January and April. In the past, agreements usually lasted a year, but there is a tendency for them to now take longer – two years or more. It also takes longer to reach agreements. The Ministry of Labour`s report on collective agreements finds that in most years since 2009, the number of contracts registered has decreased. She believes that “economically uncertain times for the economy” “have had an impact on collective bargaining, as it takes longer to reach an agreement.” The agreements remain in force after their expiry, but only for employers who were parties to the agreement.
As a general rule, works councils do not negotiate wage increases with employers, although they participate in negotiations aimed at implementing elements of sectoral agreements such as wage structures and the organisation of working time. In the past, works councils were considered to be legally prevented from negotiating priority issues such as remuneration. However, a 1992 court decision concluded that this was not prohibited. Yet there are still few companies where wages are decided between employers and works councils, especially in the ICT and chemical industries, where the proportion of anti-union companies is higher, often based in the United States and Japan. If you run a business in the Netherlands, you may need to work with a collective agreement (CAO). CAOs are collective agreements between employers (or employers` organizations) and trade unions on wages and other terms and conditions of employment. Collective agreements cover a wide range of pay and conditionality issues, including early retirement, training leave, the organisation of leave throughout a worker`s working life, the place of women, the protection of persons with disabilities and the environment.