The export or export administrators concerned must at least be familiar with the fundamental principles underlying the application of free trade agreements and know the applicable rules. More information on country of origin rules and country of origin products is available in the country of origin. Because there are both positive and negative elements, the net national welfare effect can be positive or negative. Chart 9.10 “Trade Harmful Diversion” shows the case where the free trade agreement leads to a reduction in national prosperity. Visually, it seems obvious that the e range is greater than the sum of a and b. In these circumstances, the free trade agreement with the misuse of power would have the effect of bringing down national welfare. There is concern that regional trade agreements will liberalise trade between their Member States, but will also strengthen incentives to increase protectionist barriers to countries outside the region. The logic is that the market power of this region will be all the greater as the regional trade area will be large relative to the size of the global market. The higher the market power, the greater the cost of tariffs and export taxes in the region. Thus, the regional approach to trade liberalization could lead to the formation of large “trade blocs” that trade freely among members, but stifle trade with the rest of the world. For this reason, some economists have argued that the multilateral approach to trade liberalization, represented by trade liberalization agreements in successive WTO cycles, leads to global free trade rather than a regional or preferred approach. But the opposite is also possible – that if a free trade agreement generates more trade diversion than the creation of trade, the free trade agreement can be a reduction in a country`s prosperity. This case is actually quite interesting, because it indicates that a move towards free trade by a group of countries could actually reduce the national well-being of the countries concerned.
This means that a move towards a more effective free trade policy may not increase economic efficiency. While this result may seem counterintuitive, it can be easily reconciled with the theory of the second best. In addition to the EFTA agreement and the free trade agreement with the European Union, Switzerland currently has a network of 30 free trade agreements with 40 partners outside the EU and new agreements are being negotiated. The aim of a customs union is to facilitate free trade between Member States. The union reduces the administrative and financial burden of trade barriers and promotes economic cooperation between nations. A customs union occurs when a group of countries agrees to remove tariffs between them and set a common external tariff on imports from the rest of the world. The European Union (EU) is such a regulation. A customs union avoids the problem of the development of complex rules of origin, but leads to the problem of political coordination. With a customs union, all Member States must be able to agree on tariffs in many different import sectors. If a country wants to protect a young industryFant Industry ArgumentThe argument of the children`s industry, a classic theory of international trade, argues that new industries need protection from international competitors until they can become mature, stable and competitive. in its market, it is unable to impose tariffs or other protection barriers because of liberal trade policy. If a country wants to liberalise its trade outside the EU, it is not in a position to do so because of the common external tariff.
Types of accumulation: Bilateral accumulation: only with the primary subjects of the two free partners. B (bilateral).