The advantage of these bilateral or regional agreements is to promote stronger trade between the parties to the agreement. They can also accelerate global trade liberalization when multilateral negotiations find themselves in trouble. Reluctant countries that are excluded from bilateral agreements and therefore do not participate in the increase in trade they involve may then be tasked with joining accession and removing their own trade barriers. Proponents of these agreements have called the process “competitive liberalization,” in which countries are challenged to reduce trade barriers in order to stay in touch with other countries. Thus, shortly after nafta was implemented, the EU sought and finally signed a free trade agreement with Mexico to ensure that European products were not at a competitive disadvantage in the Mexican market as a result of NAFTA. While virtually all economists believe that free trade is desirable, they do not agree on the best way to move from tariffs and quotas to free trade. The three fundamental approaches to trade reform are one-sided, multilateral and bilateral. Article I.1 of the GATS defines the scope and scope of the GATS applicable to “measures taken by WTO members that affect trade in services.” The scope of this definition goes beyond central governments and encompasses the actions taken by regional and local authorities, including those of non-governmental authorities exercising the powers vested in them by governments. Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the WTO has more than 150 members, representing more than 95% of total world trade. It is chaired by a ministerial conference that meets every two years; A General Council responsible for implementing the Conference`s political decisions and ensuring day-to-day management; and a Director General appointed by the Ministerial Conference. 1.
In most of our trade agreements, there are transparency provisions that call on governments to make information on national laws, regulations, programs and administrative procedures easily accessible for domestic and foreign companies. In the area of non-tariff measures on goods, multilateral agreements on standards, technical regulations and procedures for assessing the compliance of goods were also negotiated. The Agreement on Technical Trade Barriers (OTC), a successor to the GATT Standards Code, was strengthened during the Uruguay Round and a new agreement on the application of sanitary and plant health measures (SPS) was concluded.